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The Crossbow   >  Its Construction, History and Management  >  List of Illustrations  >  All

Table of Contents List of Illustrations Index Appendix

ILLUSTRATIONS
Original page xiii


Model of a Roman Catapult Constructed by the Author
Crossbowman, About 1430
Page
Hunters with Crossbows

Part I
The History of the Crossbow

Norman Crossbowmen
Crossbowmen
Crossbowmen
 7
A Ship of War, with Crossbowmen
Arbalestina
Crossbowmen
How a Crossbowman should Approach by Means of a Cart Concealed with Foliage
Crossbowmen Approaching Game by Means of a Stalking Horse
A Store of Crossbow Bolts  Shafts and Heads
Different Forms of Crossbow Bolts
Crossbowmen
Shooting Rabbits with a Crossbow
Archer and Crossbowman of about 1370

The Crossbow
Original page xiv
Page
Shooting at Butts with Crossbows
Crossbowman Practicing at the Target
Mounted Crossbowman
Crossbowmen Killing Deer and Wild Boars
Mounted Crossbowman , with Cranequin Crossbow and Quarrel in His Hat
Shooting Deer with the Crossbow
Shooting Partridges as They Feed by Means of a Crossbow and Stalking Horse
Tablet in Hunsdon Church
 51
Crossbowman with a Stonebow

Part II
The Construction and Management of Crossbows: Medieval


Balistarius
Primitive Crossbow without a Stirrup
Primitive Crossbow with a Stirrup
A Fifteenth Century Crossbow with a Composite Bow which was Bent by a Cranequin (German)
A Sixteenth Century Sporting Crossbow that was Bent with a Cranequin and which had a Steel Bow Attached to the Stock with a Bridle of Sinew (Spanish) 66
The Bridle of Sinew which was Often Used for Securing the Bow of a Crossbow to Its Stock 68
Bolts for Crossbows and How They were Arranged on the Stock
Crossbow with Cord and Pulley
Crossbowmen Bending Bows with Cord and Pulley
Cord and Pulley
Crossbowman with a Claw for Bending Crossbow Attached to His Belt
Crossbowman Bending His Crossbow with a Belt Claw
Belt and Claw
Shooting a Wild Boar with Crossbows


The Crossbow
Original page xv
Page
Shooting Ibex with the Crossbow
A Crossbowman Bending His Bow with a Belt Claw and then Aiming His Crossbow 80
Crossbowmen
Screw and Handle Crossbow
The Crossbow which was Bent by a Screw and Handle
The Goat's Foot Lever
How the Goat's Foot Lever was Applied to Bend a Small Crossbow
The Mechanism of the Goat's Foot Lever
A Military Crossbow being Bent by a Goat's Foot Lever
Side and Surface View of the Wooden Stock  of the Crossbow without any of Its Fittings 92
Side and Surface View of the Site of a Crossbow
Side Front and Perspective of the Circular Steel or Ivory Nut which holds the Bowstring when the Bow is Bent 95
Side End and Surface View of the of the Metal Socket in which the Nut
Revolves
95
Side and Surface View of the Revolving Nut in Its Socket
A Nut Secured by Catgut
The Horn Nut of the Medieval Crossbow and Its Steel Wedge
Side and Surface View of the Stock of the Crossbow with the Nut and Its
Socket in Position
97
Side View of the Trigger of the Crossbow
Side View of the Trigger in Position in the Stock Showing How the Lock
of the Crossbow Works
98
Side and Surface View of the Nut, Socket, Trigger Lock Plates and Trigger
Plate Fitted to the Stock of the Crossbow
99
The Steel Screw Pins for the Lock Plates, The Pin for the Trigger and the One for the Revolving Nut 100
The Steel Bow
Surface Side and Side Section of One of the Bow Irons
The Stirrups: Its Front Side and Top Bar
The Stirrup and the Bow Irons Ready to Take the Bow and to be Fitted with
the Bow to the Opening in the Fore End of the Stock
106
The Two Guards and the Two Wedges Used for Drawing Up the Bow Irons which Fix the Bow to the Stock 106
Front and side View of the Stirrup, Bow, Bow Irons, Guards and Wedges Fixed in Their Places in the Stock of the Crossbow 106
The Brass Groove Fitted into the Surface of the Stock 108

The Crossbow
Original page xvi 
Page
End Section of the Brass Groove and of the Fore End of the Top of the Stock with the Groove Driven into Its Mortice 109
How each End of a Crossbow String was Sometimes Strengthened by an
Auxiliary Loop
111
The Skein : The Skein Wrapped with Fine Thread : The Finished Bowstring
One of the Metal Clamps to which the Bastard String is Attached : Front and Surface Views 114
One of the Clamps Screwed to One End of the Bow with One End of the Bastard String Attached to It : Side View 114
The Crossbow with Its Bow Sufficiently Bent by the Bastard String to Allow Its Bowstring to be Fitted into the Notches at the End of the Bow 115
The Clamps and the Bastard String Removed and the Bow Fitted with Its Bowstring 117
Crossbow Finished
The Handle End of the Windlass : Surface and Side View
The Fore End of the Windlass : Surface and Side View
The Windlass Attached to the Crossbow Preparatory to Bending Its Bow
The Crossbow with Its Bow Bent by the Windlass and Its Bowstring Secured Over the Fingers of the Nut 123
Crossbowmen - Fifteenth Century
The Bolt for the Crossbow
End View of the Butt of the Bolt and the Feathers
Section of the Metal Head of the Bolt
Position of the Revolving Nut Before the Crossbow was Bent
The Bowstring on the Nut and the Bolt in Position
Crossbow Bolt with Flanges Cut in Its Shaft to Take the Place of Feathers
The Slurbow
Crossbowmen 132
A Crossbow with a Cranequin Fitted to the Stock Preparatory to Bending Its Bow 133
Decorated Crossbow and Its Cranequin ,  the Latter being in Position for
Bending the Bow (German, sixteenth Century)
135
The Backsight of a Sixteenth Century Sporting Crossbow
Position of the Bolt on the Stock of a Crossbow which had No Groove Down Its Centre
A Cranequin and Its Mechanism
Section of the Stock of the Crossbow , Showing the Position of the Cranequin when It is Fitted for Bending the Bow 140
A Cranequin with Its Mechanism Fitted
A Crossbow Having Its Bow Bent by a Cranequin

The Crossbow
Original page xvii
Page
Cranequin ( French End of the Fifteenth Century) with Metal Loop for Stock and Cogs on the Upper Surface of the Ratchet Bar 144
Improved Cranequin (German, Sixteenth Century)
A Crossbowman with a Stonebow
Spanish Crossbowmen with Cranequins and Goat's Foot Levers 151
A Crossbowman with a Stonebow 153
Shooting Birds at Night with a Stonebow 153
A Sixteenth Century Stonebow which was Bent by Hand 157
The Parts of a Lock of a Primitive Stonebow ,  Its Sights and the Manner of Fixing the Bow to the Stock 158
The Parts of the Lock of the Primitive Stonebow as Fitted into the Stock
Stonebow with a Lever Fixed in Its Stock (Seventeenth Century)
Stonebow with a Lever Fixed in Its Stock (End of Seventeenth Century)
Small Target and Sporting Crossbow and Its Wooden Lever (German, End of Seventeenth Century) 165
A Small Sporting Crossbow being Strung by Its Wooden Lever
The Bolt with Four Feathers Used with the Sporting Crossbow
Sixteenth Century Crossbow Lock as It Appears Before the Bowstring is Stretched to the Notch in the Stock 170
The Bowstring Securely Held in the Notch in the Stock by the Top of the Catch 170
Surface View of the Stock with the Bowstring Secured by the Catch of the Lock and the Bolt in Position 171
The Lock Cocked
The Effect of Pulling the Trigger to Discharge the Crossbow
The Lock of a Sixteenth Century Sporting Crossbow of Large Size

Part III
The Construction and Management of Crossbows (continued): Modern


Crossbow Shooting at the Bird as Now Practised in Saxony
The English Bullet Crossbow
The String on the Catch of the Lock and the Lever Hinged Forward Ready to Bend the Bow 180
Bending the Crossbow
The Crossbow with Its Bow Bent and Ready to be Aimed and Discharged
The Bastard String and Its Clamps


The Crossbow
Original page xviii 
Page
The Clamps for the Bastard String of the English Bullet Crossbow
The Crossbow Bent Sufficiently by the Bastard String for the Skein or Bowstring to be Fitted to It
How to Fix a Bastard String to a Light Steel Bow
The Skein of the Bowstring
One End of the Skein on Its Peg : Side and Surface View
Fitting the skein Over the Ends of the Bow when the Latter is Sufficiently Bent by the Bastard String for this Purpose 190
A Cross Tree
One of the Cross Trees in Position in the Bowstring
One of the Ends of the Bow String 191
The Piece of Round Wood as Held by the Fingers Against the Bow String :
Side and Surface View
191
The Piece of Wood with the Loops Formed on It : Side and Surface View
The Piece of Wood Taken Away and the Loops Wrapped with Silk : Side and Surface View 192
The Loops Wrapped with Whipcord : Side and Surface View
The Loop Finished 
The Leather Pocket Fitted to the Loop : Front and Back View
Section of the Loop and Leather Pocket with the Bullet in Position in the
Pocket
193
The Bowstring as It should Appear when Finished : Front View
The Pieces of the Lock
The Lock with Its Working and Other Parts Fitted, and One of the Side Plates of Its Casing Removed to Show the Interior Action of the Lock 196
The Frame of the Foresight with Its small Skein of Thread Stretched Between Two Metal Rings 197
The Foresight with the Sighting Bead on Its Skein
The Backsite
Large Continental Target Crossbow : Side View
Large Continental Target Crossbow
The Foresight
Large Continental Target Crossbow being Bent by Its Goat's Foot Lever
The Belgian Target Crossbow
Perspective View of the Catch for the Bowstring
The Parts of the Lock as Fitted Inside the Stock of the Crossbow
The Lock with the Fingers of the Catch Hooked Over the Stretched
Bowstring

The Crossbow
Original page xix
Page
The Catch Separate from the Lock and the Projection that Forms Part of It 212
Surface View of the Small Lock and Its Springs
The Foresight
The Metal Lever for Bending the Bow
The Lever Extended Ready for Use
Bending the Bow of the Belgian Target Crossbow
The Target Shooting Bolt for the Belgian Target Crossbow
Section of the Barrel of the Bullet Shooting Belgian Crossbow
Bullet Crossbow with Barrel
Method of Fastening the Bow to the Stock by a Metal Screw Strap
Pendant of a Collar Presented to Company of Crossbowmen of Enkhuizen
The Company of St. George
Medal of the Grand Association of Crossbowmen of Brussels 1560
Shooting at Popinjay
Charles II of England Visiting the Company of Crossbowmen of St. George at Bruges 226
Portrait of a "King of the Bird" of the Company of St. George at Brussels (Seventeenth Century) 227
Medal to Commemerate the Success of the Infanta Isabella with the Crossbow in 1615 228
The Stone Capital of a Pillar in the Church of Sernin at Toulouse
Crossbow Shooting at Dresden in 1612
The Dresden Bird
 235
Dresden Crossbow Bolt (Kronenbolzen)
Side View of the Chinese Repeating Crossbow
Surface View of the Chinese Repeating Crossbow Showing the Opening
at the Top of the Magazine
238
The Action of the Trigger of the Chinese Repeating Crossbow
The Action of the Chinese Repeating Crossbow
The Magazine of the Chineses Repeating Crossbow
The Magazine of the Chinese Repeating Crossbow with Its Side Removed 245
Arrow Throwing
Part of the Head End : of the Centre; and of the Butt End of a Hazel Arrow

The Crossbow
Original page xx 
A Trebuchet or Sling Engine
The Capture of a Fortress
The Spring Engine with a Sling Like that of a Trebuchet Attached to Its Arm, which Cast Two Stones at the Same Time 252
A Trebuchet with Its Arm Wound Down by Means of Large Hollow Wheels with Men Working Inside Them on the Principal of the Treadmill
A Fortified Town being Bombarded by a Catapult
A Siege
A Small Catapult on Wheels for Use as Light Field Artillery
A Siege Crossbow in the Form of an Immense Stonebow
A Ballista for Throwing Large Stones
A Siege Catapult
A Stationary Ballista for Use in a Siege
Casting a Dead Horse into a Besieged Town by Means of a Trebuchet
A Trebuchet on Wheels
Besieging a Fortified Town with a Battery of Catapults and Balistas
A Siege Catapult
The Surface View of the Framework, the Arm and the Skein of Twisted Cord of a Catapult 280
Side View of the Catapult
The Front View of the Catapult
The After End of the Catapult
The Winches of the Catapult
A Siege Catapult

The Crossbow
Original page xxi
Page
The Skein of Cord in Various Stages 293
The Metal Slip Hook that Pulls Down the Arm and also Releases It
The Metal Catch for a Small Catapult
Catapult Completed
A Catapult for Field Service
Roman Ballista, with Its Bow String Over the Catch of the Lock and an Arrow on the Stock 300
A Ballista for Throwing Stone Balls
Fore End of a Ballista without Its Stock ; Front View
Fore End of a Ballista and Its Stock ; Side View
Surface and Side Views of the Stock of a Ballista
The Claws of the Windlass of the Ballista Hooked Over the Bow String
The Trebuchet
The Action of the Trebuchet
A Trebuchet with Its Arm being Wound Down
The Arm of a Trebuchet and Its Counterpoise : Front and Side View
Trebuchets Throwing Barrels Filled with Earth into a Ditch Outside a Fortress , so as to Enable the Besiegers to Pass Over it and Apply Their Scaling Ladders to the Walls 313
A Spring Engine
A Spring Engine
A Spring Engine
Crossbowman

The Crossbow   >  Its Construction, History and Management  >  List of Illustrations  >  All


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